There are two general types of cognitive rehabilitation – restorative and compensatory. Restorative aims to recover and strengthen cognitive skills, and usually involves practising repetitive cognitive exercise using computer-assisted paradigms. Compensatory rehabilitation aims to help people compensate for their cognitive symptoms by using tools like reminders and visualisations.
By reviewing 81 published studies on cognitive rehabilitation, the researchers suggested that cognitive rehabilitation is effective in improving cognitive impairment in people with MS. They said it should be part of ‘a comprehensive treatment plan for people with MS who experience cognitive deficits’.