GeNeuro, a biopharmaceutical company developing new treatments for neurodegenerative and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), has announced positive results from the ANGEL-MS study of its lead product, temelimab in MS.
Temelimab is a humanised, monoclonal antibody designed to neutralize pHERV-W, a pathogenic protein thought to be a causal factor in the development of MS.
The ANGEL-MS data confirmed that treatment with temelimab for two years had a continued, positive impact on key MRI measures of disease progression in MS patients, confirming and extending the data reported at Week 48 in the CHANGE-MS Phase 2b study. This includes reductions in brain atrophy, particularly in the cortex and thalamus, and maintenance in myelin integrity, as measured by magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) imaging. Importantly, for the first time, encouraging dose-dependent effects were seen on clinical measures of disease progression. This has been evidenced by a lower proportion of patients with 12-week confirmed EDSS progression, or with 20% worsening in 25-foot timed walk.
“These results are remarkable, and they are coherent with temelimab’s novel mode of action seeking to stop the activation of the brain’s innate immunity and restoring the myelin repair system”, noted Prof Hans-Peter Hartung, chairman of the Department of Neurology of the University Hospital Düsseldorf and Lead Investigator of the study. “It offers promise to treat progressive patients with low inflammatory activity, and could have potential synergies with existing anti-inflammatory drugs in relapsing MS patients.”
ANGEL-MS was a two-year safety and efficacy extension study to CHANGE-MS, which offered continued treatment to those patients who had completed the 12-month primary study. Ninety-four per cent of eligible patients entered ANGEL-MS and continued treatment at the same dose of temelimab they were receiving at the end of CHANGE-MS.
Across the two studies, a total of 154 patients received temelimab treatment for 96 weeks or more. For patients not having completed 96 weeks, the end-of-study visit results were used in the analysis.
To ensure consistency, analyses of efficacy endpoints in ANGEL-MS were based on comparing the original groups in the CHANGE-MS study: temelimab (18mg/kg, 12mg/kg, 6mg/kg) and Control Group (i.e. patients originally randomised to placebo for six months in CHANGE-MS and re-randomised into the three active treatment arms for the last six months of CHANGE-MS).
ANGEL-MS confirmed that the 18mg/kg dose of temelimab continued to have remarkably consistent benefits over all other groups on key MRI measures linked to MS disease progression, confirming and extending the results of CHANGE-MS at Week 48.
Researchers concluded that while these clinical measures are very encouraging, the limited size and relapsing nature of the cohort for clinical progression measures does not allow us to derive any definitive conclusion.
Sensitivity analyses were performed, repeating all efficacy analyses by dose groups (irrespective of the length of treatment) and by total exposure to temelimab (independently of body weight) across the combined CHANGE-MS and ANGEL-MS studies. These sensitivity analyses all provided the same conclusions, demonstrating the robustness of the results seen on MRI measures linked to disease progression, as well as the encouraging dose-dependent clinical effects.
Source: MS-UK 19/03/19